Ancient Persian Empire(I)

Have you played the game about Prince of Persia? Really funny game right? However, except gaming effect, there is nothing to help us to know about Persian empire very well. If you hope to know Persian empire, then read my post from now on. Let us have a look about Ancient Persian Empire.Click Here For More.

Brief

The Persian Empire is a monarchy Empire centered on the ancient Persians in the Iranian Plateau of Western Asia. In 550 B.C., The Great Cyrus II of Persia founded the Achaemenid Empire. In 330 B.C., the Great Alexander conquer the second main town of Achaemenid (Persepolis) and the Empire perished. In 224 AD, the Sassanian Dynasty was founded to rebuild the Persian Empire and died in the Arab Empire in 651. In 874, the Saman Dynasty was founded, the Persian Empire was rebuilt again, and in 1935, the Pahlavi Dynasty, Reza Shah Pahlavi, changed its name to Iran.

Historically, Persians had established many empires, such as Archimenid, Sassanid empire, Sulala Samaniyya dynasty, Safavid dynasty and Qajar dynasty. In its heyday, the territory began in the Indian River Plain and the Pamir Plateau in the east, reached Egypt and Libya in the south, the Anatolia and Balkans Peninsula in the west, the Caucasus Mountains and the Aral Sea in the north.

The Ten Mysterious Historical Monuments in the World (III)

4.Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu was thought to have been established by the Inca ruler Pachacuti around 1440 and was inhabited until 1532 when Spain conquered Peru.

Archaeological findings show that Machu Picchu is not an ordinary city, but a rural retreat of the Inca nobility (similar to the Roman estate). Around the courtyard there is a huge palace and a temple dedicated to the Inca gods, as well as other houses for maintenance personnel. It is estimated that the number of people living in Machu Picchu does not exceed 750 at the peak, and even less in the rainy season without aristocratic visits. The Inca Kingdom chose to establish a city here, probably due to its unique geographical and geological features. The Incas believed that it was not necessary to cut stones from the ground, so look for scattered stones from around to build the city. Some stone buildings are not used with stucco. They are completely finished by precise cutting and stacking. The gap between the stone walls is less than 1mm wide.

In 2003, some 400,000 people visited Machu Picchu, and UNESCO expressed concern about the damage caused by large-scale tourism. The Peruvian authorities insist that this is not a problem, and the remoteness of the site will naturally limit the tourism industry. There are constant suggestions to build a cable car at the site, but it has not been approved so far.

The Incas called themselves “the descendants of the sun.” They regarded the sun as a “burning fire eagle” and eager to use the “the stone that bolt the sun” to keep the bright and warm sun forever in the sky. To this day, the worship of the sun is still circulating in the Inca folk. Buildings about the sun worship in this ancient city are also everywhere.

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5.Giza Pyramids and sphinx in India

Giza pyramids, the tower body slope is 51°52′, the surface of the original layer of polished limestone veneer has been peeled off, the entrance is 17 meters high in the north, the ramp between the Queen’s tomb and the Pharaoh’s tomb is 8.5 meters high and 2.1 meters wide. The Pharaoh’s tomb has two pipes leading to the outside of the tower. There are stone plaques in the room, and the underground chambers may be where funerary objects are stored.

This gray-white artificial mountain, set against the backdrop of the blue sky, stands on the endless yellow desert and is the crystallization of the labor and wisdom of millions of slaves under extremely primitive conditions. As the mausoleum of the royal family, its organizational form reflects the Egyptians’ belief in the rebirth of later generations. The pyramids are oriented towards some important fixed points, each of which is nearly equilateral triangle, and its group layout reflects the pattern of the stars in the sky. And Pyramid of Khufu is the biggest one among them, it was dried building by 2.3 millions bones which average weight is 2.5 ton.

The Historical Culture of Canada(IV)

The Canadian government and people have always paid close attention to world peace. The Canadian army not only fought on the battlefields of the World War, but also was the main force of the UN peacekeeping forces during and after the Cold War. After World War II, Canada’s industry has grown considerably. In 1947, the rich oil resources of Alberta and other provinces were mined. In 1959, the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway stimulated the growth of the Canadian economy. At the same time, the flow of immigrants from all over the world has caused a surge in the population of Canada, and modern cities have emerged. The high-rise buildings and the quiet and pleasant suburbs together weave a picture of a modern city.

What is worth mentioning in Canadian history is the history of the Chinese. According to legend, during the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, Chinese monks once landed in Canada, but the real large-scale Chinese enrollment began in the mid-19th century. Thousands of poor peasants along the coast of southern China traveled across the sea and went north to San Francisco to make a living in Canada. The life of early Canadian Chinese was full of bitterness and tears. They did the hardest and most tired work, but they could not get the same salaries as other immigrants. Not only do they not enjoy political rights, they are also subject to heavy taxes. In recent decades, with the gradual establishment of Canada’s multiculturalism policy, the history of discrimination Chinese has completely ended.

For a country with a vast land and sparsely populated country like Canada, immigration is the fulcrum of its economic development. Assimilation and exclusion policies have been denied by Canadian history. After the 1970s, international economic competition intensified. To maintain its economic strength, Canada can only govern the country with a policy that enables immigrants of all skin colors, including ancient Indian immigrants, to live and work in peace. Canada’s national policy, the multicultural policy and immigration policy, was introduced in this context. This policy has not changed for more than 20 years. Every year, new immigrants join in Canada, and more than 20 cultures are harmoniously coexisting on Canadian soil. The number of Chinese immigrants from Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and the mainland has also increased significantly. Many Chinese regard Canada as the best choice for overseas development.

 

As a young nation that only experienced more than 100 years, it has a big development space. We can be convinced that, taking history as a guide, Canada will surely remember this path and continue to use a multiculturalism policy to create a more free, democratic and powerful country. After the war, the Canadian economy developed rapidly. In 1970, Canada’s GDP by population average ranked third in the world. Since 1976, Canada has participated in economic summits held in Western countries and has become one of the seven largest countries in the West. On April 17, Queen Elizabeth II, the leader of the Commonwealth, signed the new 1982 Constitution Act in Ottawa, replacing the North American Act. On October 13, 1970, Canada established diplomatic relations with China.

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The Culture and History of the Red Square

The Red Square is located on the city centre of Moscow, near the Moscow River, is the oldest square in Moscow and the witness place of the important historical events. It is also a place for mass gatherings, large-scale celebrations and military parades in important Russian festivals. It is a world-famous tourist attraction.

The Red Square is 695 meters long from north to south, 130 meters wide from east to west, with a total area of 90.35 million square meters. It is irregularly rectangular and the ground is entirely paved with ancient stone.

To the north of the Red Square is the Russian National History Museum, to the east is the Moscow State Department Store, and to the south is St. Basil’s Cathedral. On the west side are the Lenin tomb and the red walls of the Kremlin and three towers. The podium is built on the upper level of the Lenin tomb. When Russia’s important ceremonies, the leaders will stand on the tomb of Lenin to watch the military parade.

Red Square International is far more famous than Tiananmen Square, but the area (91,000 square meters) is only about one-fifth of Tiananmen Square. The ground is unique and all paved with stone. Red Square is a testimony to the history of Moscow and the pride of the Moscow people.

The original name of Red Square is “Torge”, which means “market”. Its predecessor was the “industrial and commercial district of the outside city” that Ivan III developed in the east of the city in the late 15th century. In 1517, a big fire broke out in the square, which was once called the “Fire Square”. In 1662, it was renamed “Red Square”, meaning “beautiful plaza”, with an area of 91,000 square meters. It is located in the city center and is the center of various large-scale celebrations and military parades in the country. It is one of the famous squares in the world.

In Russian, “red” means “beautiful” and “red square” means “beautiful square.” The massive expansion of Red Square was after 1812. In the 1920s, the Red Square merged with the adjacent Vasilevsky Square together. The Red Square is 695 meters long from north to south and 130 meters wide from east to west, with a total area of over 90,000 square meters. The square is paved with crimson square stones, which are shiny.

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