Qinghai Lake is 105 kilometers long and 63 kilometers wide. The lake is 3196 meters above sea level. It is the largest inland lake and saltwater lake in China. It is located in the northeast of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, northwest of Xining City, and is located at 99°36′ – 100°16′ east longitude. Between 36°32′ and 37°15′ north latitude. The lake is surrounded by four high mountains: Datong Mountain to the north, Riyue Mountain to the east, Nanshan Mountain to the south, and Rubber Mountain to the west. The four mountains are at an altitude of 3,600 to 5,000 meters above sea level. Qinghai Lake covers an area of 4,456 square kilometers, with a circumference of more than 360 kilometers, more than double the famous Taihu Lake. The lake is long in east and west, narrow in the north and south, and slightly elliptical. The average depth of Qinghai Lake is about 21 meters, the maximum water depth is 32.8 meters, the water storage capacity is 105 billion cubic meters, and the lake surface elevation is 3260 meters. About 200 kilometers from Xining. There are nearly 30 large and small rivers in the lake area. There are two sub-lakes on the east bank of the lake, Gahai Lake, covering an area of 48 square kilometers, which is salt water; Erhai, covering an area of 8 square kilometers, is fresh water.
Haba Snow Mountain Nature Reserve is located in the southeast of Shangri-La County, 130 kilometers away from the county seat, with a total area of 21,908 hectares. It is a provincial-level protected area and was established in 1982. The main peak is 5396 meters above sea level, and the lowest point is the administrative village of Jiangbian, only 1550 meters, and the altitude difference is 3896 meters. More than 4,000 meters in the entire protected area are steep cliffs and alpine flowing rocks. The landforms are stepped, followed by subtropical, temperate, cold temperate, and cold zones. The temperature difference from the foot of the mountain to the top of the mountain is 22.8°C. The traffic in Shangri-La is mainly highways, mainly including the highway transportation network of Yunnan-Tibet Highway, Sichuan-Tibet Highway and Kangzang Highway. On December 24th, 2017, Shangri-La was selected as one of the top 200 Chinese Charismatic Cities in 2017.